✈Overview – Japan as a Country

Japan is an island extending in a curve along the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It consists of four big islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu) and almost 7,000 islands altogether. Its land area is about the same as that of Germany (357,000K㎡).

Japan is surrounded by the sea. A large portion of its land consists of mountains, most of which are steep and covered with forest. 67% of the land is mountains and only 13% is plains.

The population of Japan is approximately 125million, the sixth largest in the world. Nearly half is concentrated around the Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya metropolitan areas.

There are four seasons in Japan: spring(March-May); summer(Jun-August); autumn(September-November); winter(December-February). The Japanese take pleasure in the transition of the seasons, and enjoy their duration.

Stretching from north to south, Japan has different climates from region to region. Also, due to seasonal winds, the Japan Sea coastal area and its Pacific Ocean side have different climates, respectively.

Japanese transportation system is so well developed that it is very easy, and safe, to travel in the country.

In Japan, land area with a suitable living environment and convenient transportation is limited, so housing density is high. It is difficult for Japanese to own a house with a yard, consequently, many people living in high-rise apartment buildings.

The modern Japanese diet is full of variety. In addition to Japanese food, Western, Chinese and other ethnic dishes from around the world are popular. Bread and noodles are enjoyed in Japan, too, but most people eat rice as a staple food.